Linda Robertson, "Costly Problems, Incomplete Answers." Shedd Aquarium,
Microbiome Water Summit 2017 Chicago, IL
Linda R Robertson, Dairyman’s standard: implications of microbes in liquid packaging
board. TAPPI PaperCon 2015 Proceedings, Atlanta, GA.
Linda Robertson, The Invisible Problem: Microbes and Explosive Gases. RPTA/TAPPI
PaperCon 2014. Nashville 2014.
Linda Robertson, “Microbes in Fresh and Recycled Water Systems” January 15, 2014.
TAPPI Webinar Series.
Linda Robertson, “Deposit and Odor Problems in Tissue and Towel” Middle East Tissue,
Winter 2013 Edition, 5(1) 23-26 (2013).
Linda Robertson, “Microbes in Papermaking: Do you have a problem?” September 19,
2012 TAPPI Webinar Series http://www.tappi.org/Events/Upcoming-Events/Virtual-
Linda Robertson, “What’s That Funny Smell?” Paperitalo Publications July 2012.
Interview Pulp and Paper Radio International http://www.blogtalkradio.com/pulp--paper-radio-international/2012/07/26/housekeeping-part-3-what-is-that-smell
Linda Robertson Why Isn't My Program Working? Exploring Microbial Resistance at the Wet
End TAPPI PAPERCON 2011 Cincinnati, OH Proceedings TAPPI Press 2011.
Linda Robertson “Antimicrobial products in the production of specialty grade papers” 2nd
Specialty Papers Conference, IntertechPira, US, Chicago 2010.
Linda R. Robertson. Monograph on Microbiology of Papermaking Systems. "Chapter 1:
Microbes in the Papermachine Environment." Editorial Board: TAPPI Microbiology and
Microbial Technology Committee. TAPPI PRESS: Atlanta 1-21 (2008).
Linda R. Robertson. Monograph on Microbiology of Papermaking Systems. "Chapter 5:
The effect of water recovery and reuse on microbial activity." Editorial Board: TAPPI
Microbiology and Microbial Technology Committee. TAPPI PRESS: Atlanta 73-83
Linda R. Robertson "Undesirable odors in finished paper and paperboard products" TAPPI
Papermaker Proceedings Atlanta, TAPPI Press, Atlanta April (2006).
Linda R. Robertson and Laura E. Rice "Odor in Paper and Board" 60 APPITA Annual
Conference Proceedings Melbourne, Australia. April (2006).
Linda Robertson "Odor Source, Location Determines Approach to Finished Product
Issues" Pulp and Paper Magazine 80(2) 38-42. (2006)
Linda R. Robertson, Laura E. Rice and Mark Brown "Detection and Prevention of
Spoilage in Additives" 58 APPITA Annual Conference Proceedings Canberra, Australia.
Linda R. Robertson "Ineffective Biocide Programs Jeopardize Worker Safety, Damage
Mill Equipment" Pulp & Paper 77(11) 42-45. (2003).
Linda R. Robertson “Downtime due to slime: The economics of balancing boilout
frequency and microbial control programs” Paper presented at PAPTAC Midwest Branch
Annual Conference, Thunder Bay, ON Canada. September 2003
Laura E. Rice, Linda R. Robertson, Juha Rintala, and Bruce E. Urtz “Paper Machine Wet
End Spoilage Problems” TAPPI Proceedings Wet End Chemistry and Coating
Conference, Chicago 2003.
Linda R. Robertson and Yasumasa Ishii "Diagnosis of Microbial Problems on Paper
Machines" Japan Tappi Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings p. 175-185. October
2002, Shizuoka, Japan (Published in Japan Tappi Journal. May 2003).
Linda R. Robertson "Microbial Challenges Presented by Increased Water and Fiber
Recycling" Paper presented at PAPTAC Midwest Branch Annual Conference, Thunder
Bay, ON Canada. September 2002
Linda R. Robertson, Byung Tae Lee, and Tae Joon Kim "Useful and effective diagnosis
and evaluation tools for environmental change in increased mill water system closure,"
Journal of Korea TAPPI Vol. 33 No. 5(93) 2001.
L. R. Robertson, L. E. Rice and V. M. Kehoe "Detection and control of filamentous
bacteria to improve machine cleanliness and runnability", APPITA Journal May 2001.
Linda Robertson, Bruce Urtz, Laura Rice, Juha Rintala and Kaj Kokko "The use of less
toxic deposit control programs to prevent microbiological problems in paper
manufacturing" Ecopapertech Conference Proceedings. Helsinki (Finland) June 2001.
Linda Robertson, Byung-Tae Lee, and Tae-Joon Kim "New Tools for Microbial Control
Programs that Optimize Paper Machine Performance." The Paper Industry Journal. Korea
Paper Manufacturers' Association (March 2001) p36-46.
Linda R. Robertson and Gian Domenico Cagnola "Nuoi Sistemi Di Monitoraggio Dei
Trattamenti Dei Depositi Per Ottimizzare La Chiusura Dei Cicli Di Cartiera E Ridurre
L’Impatto Ambientale." XXXI Convegno Annuale ATICELCA in Baveno (Italy) (June
L. E. Rice, V. M. Kehoe and L. R. Robertson "The Diversity of Filamentous Bacteria in
Paper Systems from Incoming Water to Wastewater Effluent", Tappi Environmental
Conference Proceedings May 2000, Denver, TAPPI Press, Atlanta
L. R. Robertson and K. Xiong "Microbial Contamination Causes Papermaking Problems",
China Pulp and Paper Journal. March 51-55 (2000). Note: paper in Chinese.
L. R. Robertson, L. E. Rice and V. M. Kehoe "Detection and control of filamentous
bacteria to improve machine cleanliness and runnability", APPITA 54th General
Conference Proceedings, Melbourne. 2000
L. R. Robertson and J. Walker "New Tools Monitor Deposits, Additive Spoilage For
Better Quality", March 2000 Pulp and Paper Magazine, Miller Freeman.
L. R. Robertson "21st Century Global Challenges: New Technologies for Controlling
Microbes on World Class Papermachines to Reduce Downtime and Increase Profits"
China Pulp & Paper 99. June 1999, Beijing.
L. R. Robertson and J. Walker "New Monitoring Tools for Microbial Control Programs
that Optimize Paper Machine Performance and Minimize Environmental Impact"
Presented at SPCI: 6th New Available Technologies Conference, June 1999, Stockholm.
L. R. Robertson, T. Nahley and B. Downs "Catalase and Peroxidase Control and
Improvement of Bleach Plant Efficiency." June 1999 TAPPI Journal, Tappi Press,
B. Stenquist and L. Robertson "Vad ar "biocidefri" papperproduktion?" Svensk
Papperstidning/Nordisk Cellulosa nr 8:12-13 (1998). Note: Paper in Swedish.
L. R. Robertson and G. L. Chia " Improved control of Microbial Activity in Paper
Systems Using Creative Monitoring Tools and Chemistries." Asian Pulp & Paper Markets
'98: Paper Chemicals Conference, Singapore (1998).
L. E. Rice, R. Kelly, and L. R. Robertson "The Effects of Oxidants on the Viability of
Filamentous Bacteria Native to Paper Machine Systems." Annual Meeting of the Society
for Industrial Microbiology, Denver (1998).
L. R. Robertson and L. E. Rice "Enhanced Microbial Control Using Innovative
Monitoring Tools and Chemistries." Presented at APPITA 52nd Annual General
Conference, Brisbane (1998). Published in Appita Journal Vol. 51(6) 404-407 (1998).
L. R. Robertson "The Impact of Water Reuse on Papermachine Microorganisms" TAPPI
Biological Sciences Symposium Proceedings TAPPI PRESS, Atlanta (1997).
L. R. Robertson and W. R. Schwingel "Microbial Challenges Unique to Closed Recycle
Paper Systems" PIRA Wet End Chemistry Conference Gatwick May 1997
L. R. Robertson and W. R. Schwingel "The Effect of Water Reuse on Paper Machine
Microbiology" TAPPI Environmental Conference Proceedings TAPPI PRESS Atlanta
L. R. Robertson and T. W. Nahley "Improving Bleach Plant Efficiency" Paper Asia
L. R. Robertson and T.W. Nahley "Catalase and Peroxidase Control and Improvement of
Bleach Plant Efficiency." TAPPI Pulping Conference Proceedings. TAPPI PRESS Atlanta
L. R. Robertson. "The Influence of Microbial Contamination of the Quality of Printing
Paper." First International Symposium on Interactive Paper. Guadalajara Mexico. (1996).
L. R. Robertson and W. R. Schwingel "The Effect of Water Reuse and Conservation on
Microbiological Control Programs." TAPPI Papermaker Conference Proceedings. TAPPI
PRESS Atlanta (1996)
L. R. Robertson "Impact of Water Reuse on the Microbial Colonization of Paper
Machines." TAPPI Papermakers Conference Proceedings. TAPPI PRESS Atlanta (1995).
L. R. Robertson. "A Clean Machine With Minimal Fresh Water. "PIMA Magazine 77:4
L. R. Robertson and N. R. Taylor "Biofilms and Dispersants: A Less Toxic Approach to
Deposit Control." TAPPI Journal 77(4) 99-103 (1994).
L. R. Robertson "Microbial Growth in Starch." PIMA Magazine. 78:6 74-75 (1994).
L. R. Robertson. "A Rapid Test for Biocide Assessment." TAPPI Papermakers
Proceedings San Francisco TAPPI PRESS Atlanta. 1994.
L. R. Robertson "Prevention of Microbial Adhesion." TAPPI R & D Symposium
Proceedings Minneapolis TAPPI PRESS Atlanta 1994.
L. R. Robertson. "The Use of Phase-Contrast Microscopy to Assess and Differentiate the
Microbial Population of a Paper Mill." TAPPI Journal 76(3) (1993).
L. R. Robertson. "The Use of Video Phase-Contrast Microscopy to Assess and
Differentiate the Microbial Population of a Paper Mill." Biofor/Bioqual 90. Annual
Meeting Fredericton (1990).
L. R. Robertson "Sludge Through the Microscope: A Practical Guide to Pulp Mill
Waste." Weyerhaeuser Company (1985).
W. L. Parson, L. R. Robertson and C. V. Carpenter. "Characterization and Infectivity of a
Spontaneous Variant Isolated from Frankia sp. WEY 0131391." Plant and Soil 87, 31-42
C. V. Carpenter, L. R. Robertson, J. C. Gordon, D. A. Perry "The effect of four new
Frankia isolates on growth and nitrogenase activity in clones of Alnus rubra and Alnus
sinuata." Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 14(5), 701-706 (1984).
C. V. Carpenter and L. R. Robertson. "Isolation and Culture of Nitrogen-Fixing
Organisms." Biology of Nitrogen Fixation Forest Ecosystems: Foundations and
Applications. Ed. Gordon and Wheeler. Nijhoff: The Hague 89-106 (1983).
C. V. Carpenter, L. E. Baribo, L. R. Robertson, F. Van de Bogart and G. M. Onufer
"Acetylene reduction by excised root nodules from Alnus rubra and Alnus sinuata.
"Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in the Management of Temperate Forests. Proceedings of a
Work Shop April 1979. Oregon State University.
Linda R. Robertson and Jeffery R. Cantrall. United States Patent #5,190,728 March 2,
1993 Apparatus for Monitoring Fouling in Commercial Waters.
Linda R. Robertson. United States Patent #5,206,151. April 27, 1993 Rapid Selection of
Biocide Using a Reduction Oxidation Indicator System.
Linda R. Robertson and Jeffery R. Cantrall. United States Patent #5,281,537 Jan. 25,
1994 Apparatus for Monitoring Fouling in Commercial Waters.
Linda R. Robertson, J. G. LaZonby, J. J. Krolczyk, and H. R. Melo #5,324,432 Treatment
of Process Waters to Destroy Filamentous Bacteria. United States Patent June 28, 1994.
Linda R. Robertson #5,374,536 Synergistic Product Selection Test for Biocides. United
States Patent December 20, 1994.
L. R. Robertson, J. G. LaZonby, J. J. Krolczyk, H. R. Melo, and C. L. Wiatr #5,395,530
Treatment of Fresh Waters to Destroy Filamentous Bacteria. United States Patent March
R. J. Meade, L. R. Robertson and N. R. Taylor. #5,573,641 Method for Preventing
Microbial Deposits in the Wet End of a Papermachines Using Ethylene Oxide/Propylene
R. J. Meade, L. R. Robertson, J. G. LaZonby and N. R. Taylor. #5,624,575 Method for
Preventing Microbial Deposits in the Wet End of a Papermachines Using Ethylene
Oxide/Propylene Oxide Copolymers.
L. R. Robertson and S. S. Ramesh #5,716,629 Synergistic Blend of 1-(3-Chloroallyl)-
L. Robertson and M. St. John. United States Patent #6,054,054 Chemical for the
prevention of attachment of microorganisms to surfaces. April 25, 2000.
P. Kraus, B. Moriarty and L. Robertson. United States Patent #6,053,032. System and
method for determining a deposition rate in a process stream indicative of a mass build-up
and for controlling feed of a product in the process stream to combat same. April 25, 2000.
L. Robertson; V. Kehoe, L. Rice, C. Shetty United States Patent #6,267,897. Method of
inhibiting biofilm formation in commercial and industrial water systems. July 31, 2001.
Consults on anaerobic bacteria odor, industrial microbiology, and biocide
Industrial Microbiology Consulting
Odor & slime problems lead to off spec products caused by bacteria & fungi. Environmental microbiology ]
Protozoan surrounded by unicellular bacteria from a biofilm. 400X Phase contrast